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Artists

Keith Haring

Keith Haring

Keith Haring was born in 1958 in Reading, Pennsylvania. Using chalk, he began drawing small, vibrant characters and animals as well as various recognizable symbols such as dazibaos in New York


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Wassily Kandinsky Composition VIII

Wassily Kandinsky

Because of his origins, Marc Chagall intensely felt the problems of the Jewish community in Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, just as he intuitively experienced the problems that Russia, his native country, was going through with the First World War and the October Revolution.

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Stephane Mandelbaum

STÉPHANE MANDELBAUM

Driven by fascination as well as by contempt, Stéphane Mandelbaum (1961–1986) produced hundreds of portraits within a short creative period of just ten years. The subjects include Arthur Rimbaud, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Francis Bacon, Pierre Goldman, his grandfather Szulim, and his father Arié Mandelbaum, but also National Socialist criminals such as Joseph Goebbels and Ernst Röhm.

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UNESCO has proposed a definition, determined by individual conscience, in its Declaration on the Status of the Artist:

„An artist is any person who creates or participates by his or her performance in the creation or re-creation of artworks, who regards his or her artistic creation as an essential element of his or her life, who in this way contributes to the development of art and culture, who is recognized or aspires to be recognized as an artist, whether or not he or she is bound by any kind of working or associative relationship.“

Generally speaking, an artist – in visual art –is a person who expresses himself or herself in ways other than words. An artist cultivates or masters an art, a knowledge, a technique, and whose creativity, originality of production, acts or gestures are noticed. These works are often sources of emotions, feelings, reflection or spirituality.

The art is vision or intuition and it is identified with a language. The role of the artist has evolved through centuries. In the past, an artist was an autonomous individual, a man who maintained his eccentricity and sought marginality. Individualism has imposed itself, meanwhile, as a general form of existence. This desire to be different has become a social ideal.

Francois Quesnel

Pre-emption by the Musée Condé of Chantilly of a rare drawing of a child

Cultural exchange and cooperation are important parts of the comprehensive Sino-European strategic partnership. They play an irreplaceable role in enhancing mutual understanding between people and promoting the value of our relations. At the 14th Sino-European Summit in 2011, the leaders stressed that cultural exchange is one of the three pillars of Sino-European relations.

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Marc Chagall

Marc Chagall

Chagall is one of the most famous artists in France in the 20th century. His work has characteristics of surrealism and neo-primitivism.
Chagall was born on 7 July 1887 in Russia, in a Jewish family. He was brought up in the peace and tenderness of his mother, who taught him to read and to love the Bible and people. Vitebsk remained in Chagall’s imagination as the naive paradise of childhood, and the painter represented it in many paintings, in his youth and also later.

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Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

He is considered one of the major French painters of the 19th century, and one of the most important inventors of modern art along with Klimt, Munch, Seurat and van Gogh.

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The artist isolates himself/herself from a system which assured him/her security; in this he/she becomes a marginal figure. But „marginal“ does not mean „lonely“. The consumer system promotes a group, not an isolated artist, for the simple reason that a single product attracts fewer consumers than a constellation of products bearing the same label. In the same range, certain objects will be brought forward and will attract the others less reputed, and so less expensive, and likely by „coloration“ to be requested by less well-off buyers.

Today, the conflicts between artists have disappeared; realist artists and abstract painters coexist, for whom these qualifiers probably no longer have any meaning. But nowadays artists are facing a serious competition. They have always been specialists in the pictorial, but this status has been swept away by the flood of images.

Generally speaking, an artist – in visual art –is a person who expresses himself or herself in ways other than words. An artist cultivates or masters an art, a knowledge, a technique, and whose creativity, originality of production, acts or gestures are noticed. These works are often sources of emotions, feelings, reflection or spirituality.

In comparison with the past, it is more difficult for artists to affirm themselves, since the atypical became basic. The public, confronted with the dispersion of the places of culture, with the diversity of the presented „works“, with their always increasing number, with the number of the magazines, newspapers, publicities, solicited by posters, tossed here and there to the liking of the critics, accumulating catalogs, seems bewildered in front of the actual art.

Finally, the artists who have fun in defying any formal definition of art might oblige us to adopt the following definition:

What makes an object, a canvas, a performance, etc., a work of art is first of all the view of the viewer.

Peter Backhaus

Peter Backhaus

Peter Backhaus was born in 1947 in Germany. In 1968 he emigrated to Sweden where he studied philosophy, psychology and art. In Gothenburg he had his own art school.

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Frida Kahlo, The Broken Column

Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) was a Mexican mainly autodidact artist who is known for her self-portraits. Mexican culture and the art of the pre-Columbian peoples of America had a great influence on her work. Frida Kahlo’s artistic style is sometimes referred to as rustic art or folk art. André Breton, the founder of surrealism, classified her as a surrealist.

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Self portrait as the Allegory of Painting, Artemisia Gentileschi

Artemisia Gentileschi

Dali´s surrealistic obsession with women is revealed by the frequent use in his works of the image symbolising the Venus. The most beautiful of all Venuses, even though the most elusive, is certainly the Venus of Milo.

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