Cultural exchange and cooperation are important parts of the comprehensive Sino-European strategic partnership. They play an irreplaceable role in enhancing mutual understanding between people and promoting the value of our relations. At the 14th Sino-European Summit in 2011, the leaders stressed that cultural exchange is one of the three pillars of Sino-European relations.
Because of his origins, Marc Chagall intensely felt the problems of the Jewish community in Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, just as he intuitively experienced the problems that Russia, his native country, was going through with the First World War and the October Revolution.
I did not write to you last month, I had nothing new to tell you and could only have repeated myself, and besides I did not have the courage to do so. Then when the letter carrier came a little later, there was again nothing from Chaudet. Since my health is completely restored, and I therefore no longer have a chance of dying a natural death, I wanted to kill myself.
Art is usually understood as a concrete interpretation of reality. The process and result of expressing the inner and outer world in relation to the creator. Therefore, art is a creative activity that reflects not only the interests of the creators, but also the interests of others. The definition and evaluation of art as a reality phenomenon (existence and consciousness) has been discussed for a long time. The understanding of art has changed with the development of philosophical, social and aesthetic standards and evaluations. Art has long been considered a means of cultural activity to satisfy the love of beauty. In this sense, art is the technology by which a product provides aesthetic pleasure.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica defines it as “ art, also called (to distinguish it from other art forms) visual art, a visual object or experience consciously created through an expression of skill or imagination. The term art encompasses diverse media such as painting, sculpture, printmaking, drawing, decorative arts, photography, and installation“. However, with the development of social norms and ethical and aesthetic evaluations, art has acquired the right to claim all activities aimed at creating a form of expression, not only aesthetic and artistic.
Auguste Renoir painted two similar versions of Blonde Bather (La baigneuse blonde) in 1881 and 1882, both of which are now published as private collections. The 1882 version is seen above on the left. The model was Aline Charigot, who later became Renoir’s wife. Inspired by Renaissance paintings (especially Raphael’s frescoes) in Italy in 1881, these works are clearly different in style from Renoir’s earlier works. Some commentators have called these works beautiful, while others have called them vulgar.
Barbara Kruger was born in Newark in 1945. In 1965 she began her studies at Syracuse University, Syracuse, which she continued in 1966 at Parsons School of Design in New York. In the sixties and seventies she worked as a graphic designer for the American fashion magazine „Mademoiselle“. In 1980 she received a scholarship at PS1 (Project Studio One), New York. She lives in New York and Los Angeles.
Julius Voegtli’s landscapes set out some of the main concerns and cornerstones for the genre and for art in general in the years before World War II.