Peter Schütt was born in 1939 in Basbeck on the Niederelbe. He studied German and history in Göttingen, Bonn, and Hamburg. After obtaining a university diploma, he submitted his dissertation about the Baroque author,Andreas Gryphius, and received his doctorate in philosophy.
The Pre-Raphaelite movement began with the establishment in 1848 of the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais, and other artists as a protest against the conventional methods of painting then in use. The Pre-Raphaelites wished to regain the spirit of simple devotion and adherence to nature which they found in Italian religious art before Raphael.